Quicksilver: Fast Predictive Image Registration – A Deep Learning Approach

TitleQuicksilver: Fast Predictive Image Registration – A Deep Learning Approach
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsYang X, Kwitt R, Styner M., Niethammer M.
Start Page378-396
Date Published07/2017

This paper introduces Quicksilver, a fast deformable image registration method. Quicksilver registration for image-pairs works by patch-wise prediction of a deformation model based directly on image appearance. A deep encoder-decoder network is used as the prediction model. While the prediction strategy is general, we focus on predictions for the Large Deformation Diffeomorphic Metric Mapping (LDDMM) model. Specifically, we predict the momentum-parameterization of LDDMM, which facilitates a patch-wise prediction strategy while maintaining the theoretical properties of LDDMM, such as guaranteed diffeomorphic mappings for sufficiently strong regularization. We also provide a probabilistic version of our prediction network which can be sampled during test time to calculate uncertainties in the predicted deformations. Finally, we introduce a new correction network which greatly increases the prediction accuracy of an already existing prediction network. Experiments are conducted for both atlas-to-image and image-to-image registrations. These experiments show that our method accurately predicts registrations obtained by numerical optimization, is very fast, and achieves state-of-the-art registration results on four standard validation datasets. Quicksilver is freely available as open-source software.